planets in order of distance from sun
Planets

The Planets in Order of Distance from the Sun

Last Updated on September 9, 2021

Knowing the distance of all the planets from the Sun is such an interesting fact. In our solar system, there are “Eight official planets” that orbit the Sun due to the force of gravity.

You all have studied that planets are very big in size. But at night, when you look up at the sky, you probably see some tiny little planets out there. The size is huge but seems very small in the sky, it is just because of the distance.

The Planets in order (distance) are:-

  • Mercury
  • Venus
  • Earth
  • Mars
  • jupiter
  • Saturn
  • Uranus
  • Neptune

Therefore, after all, what is the distance of all the planets in our solar system as compared to the sun?

Today in this article, you will know the planets in order of distance from the sun. You will also get some additional facts about the planets. Such as:- Distance as compared to earth (average), length of the year, etc.

The Planets in Order of Distance from the Sun

Along with these eight planets, you will also get information about the dwarf planet “Pluto”. Because, it used to be a planet of our solar system until the International Astronomical Union (IAU) downgraded Pluto’s status to a dwarf planet in 2006.

Please keep in mind, the distance of the planets from the Sun is not fixed, because the planets travel in an elliptical orbit. So their distance keeps increasing and decreasing as they revolve around the Sun. Therefore, all the distances are mentioned below are average distance.

Note:- The distance of the planets from the given below are taken from the official website of NASA.

🌌 Mercury

Distance of Mercury58 million KM (36 million miles)
Mercury in Depth

Mercury is the closest planet and approx “58 * 106 km” away from the sun. In astronomical units (One Astronomical Unit is equal to the distance from the Sun to Earth.), this planet is 0.387 (0.4) Astronomical Units (AU) away from the sun.

Despite being closest to the Sun, mercury planet is not the hottest planet of our solar system. The credit goes to Venus, because Venus has a much thicker atmosphere. However, the temperature of the planet mercury goes above 800oFahrenheit (430oC) during the day and -290oFahrenheit (-180oC) at night.

  • Formation:- 4.5 Billion years ago
  • Diameter:- 4,879.4 km
  • Length of Year:- 88 Earth Days
  • Average Distance from the Earth:- 77 million KM (48 million miles)
  • Number of Moons:- Mercury does not have moons
  • Average Temperature:- 354oFahrenheit
  • One way light time to the Sun:- 193 seconds (3.2 minutes)
  • Planet Type:- Terrestrial Planet

🌌 Venus

Distance of Venus108 million KM (67 million miles)
Venus in Depth

Venus is the second closest planet and approx “108 * 106 km” away from the sun. This planet is often called Earth’s Twin (Earth’s Sister), because the size of Venus is similar to the size of Earth (0.95 times Earth size). In astronomical units, this planet is 0.723 Astronomical Units (AU) away from the sun.

Despite being second to the sun, Venus is the hottest planet of our solar system, because of very thick atmosphere and mostly contains carbon dioxide.

Fact:- Apart from the moon, Venus is the object from our planet Earth that shines brightest in the night sky.

  • Formation:- 4.6 Billion years ago
  • Diameter:- 12,100 km
  • Length of Year:- 225 Earth Days
  • Average Distance form the Earth:- 40 million KM (25 million miles)
  • Number of Moons:- Venus does not have moons.
  • Average Temperature:- 847oFahrenheit
  • One way light time to the Sun:- 360 seconds (6 minutes)
  • Planet Type:- Terrestrial Planet

🌌 Earth

Distance of Earth150 million KM (93 million miles)
Earth in Depth

Earth is our home planet and the third closest planet with approx “150 * 106 km” from the sun. In astronomical units, this planet is 1 Astronomical Unit away from the sun.

Well, Earth is the only planet where life exists with liquid water on the surface. In other words, Around 70% of Earth’s Surface is covered with water.

By the way, the minimum surface temperature of the planet earth is -129oF (-89oC) and the maximum surface temperature is +136oF (58oC).

  • Formation:- 4.54 Billion years ago
  • Diameter:- 12,742 km
  • Length of Year:- 365 Days
  • Number of Moons:- 1 (The Moon)
  • Average Temperature:- 14oC (57oF)
  • One way light time to the sun:- 499 seconds (8.3 minutes)
  • Planet Type:- Terrestrial Planet

🌌 Mars

Distance of Mars228 million KM (142 million miles)
Mars in Depth

Mars (The Red Planet) is the fourth planet and approx “228 * 106 km” away from the sun. In astronomical units, this planet is 1.523 Astronomical Units (AU) away from the sun.

NOTE:- Along with Venus, Mars is the second closest planetary neighbor to Earth. You can spot Mars very easily in the night. It looks like a bright red point of light.

According to scientists, Mars is the only planet where strong signs of life were present long ago when it was covered with water and warmer. That’s why some organizations like NASA, which sent some successful Landers and Rovers to Planet Mars, to know about the past lives there.

Landers
1. Viking 1
2. Viking 2
3. Pheonix
4. Insight
5. Mars3

Rovers
1. Sojourner
2. Spirit
3. Opportunity
4. Curiosity
5. Perseverance
6. Ingenuity (Helicopter)

However, the temperature of the planet mars ranges from -220oF (-140oC) to +70oF (21oC).

  • Formation:- 4.5 Billion years ago
  • Diameter:- 6780 km
  • Length of Year:- 687 Earth Days
  • Average Distance From the Earth:- 225 million KM (140 million miles)
  • Number of Moons:- 2 (Phobos, Deimos)
  • Average Temperature:- -81oF (-63oC)
  • One way light time to the Sun:- 760 seconds (12.6 minutes)
  • Planet Type:- Terrestrial Planet

🌌 Jupiter

Distance of Jupiter778 million KM (484 million miles)
Jupiter in Depth

Jupiter is the fifth planet and approx “778*106 km” away from the sun. This planet is the largest planet, about 11times the size of Earth of the Solar System. In astronomical units, the planet Jupiter is 5.203 Astronomical Units(AU) away from the Sun.

Jupiter is the first of the four “gas giants: planet of our solar system. The atmosphere of this planet is most intense and the weather is extremely dense, mainly composed of a mixture of Hydrogen, Helium, a smaller amount of Methane, and other gases.

NOTE:- Well, Jupiter is the largest planet but it has the shortest day in our solar system. In one day, Jupiter takes only about 10 hours.

  • Formation:- 4.5 Billion years ago
  • Diameter:- 139,822 km
  • Length of Year:- 12 Earth Years (4,333 Earth days)
  • Average Distance From the Earth:- 715 million km (444 million miles)
  • Number of Moons:- Total 79 – (53 Confirmed, 26 Provisional)
  • Average Temperature:- -238oF (-150oC)
  • One way light time to the Sun:- 2595 seconds (43.2 minutes)
  • Planet Type:- Gas Giant

🌌 Saturn

Distance of Saturn1.4 billion KM (886 million miles)
Saturn in Depth

Saturn is the sixth planet and approx “1.4 * 109 km” away from the Sun. In astronomical units, this planet is 9.538 Astronomical Units (AU) away from the Sun.

With being the second of the four “gas giant” planets of the Solar System, Saturn is almost twice as far from the sun as jupiter, about 900 million miles.

This planet is also known as “The Ringed Planet”, because it has a very beautiful seven rings made of ice and rock with several gaps between them.

Fact:- Saturn has a shortest day after Jupiter, Saturn takes only about 10.7 hours.

  • Formation:- 4.5 Billion years ago
  • Diameter:- 116,464 km
  • Length of Year:- 29 Earth Days (10, 756 Earth Days)
  • Average Distance from the Earth:- 886 million miles
  • Number of Moons:- Total 82 (53 Confirmed, 29 Provisional)
  • Average Temperature:- -285oF (-176oC)
  • One way light time to the Sun:- 4759 Seconds (79.3 minutes)
  • Planet Type:- Gas Giant

🌌 Uranus

Distance of Uranus2.9 Billion KM (1.8 billion miles)
Uranus in Depth

Uranus (the coldest planet of the solar system) is the seventh planet and approx “2.9 * 109 Km” away from the Sun. In astronomical Units, this planet is 19.819 Astronomical Units (AU) away from the Sun.

It is the third of the four “gas giant” planets in the Solar System, but is also known as the “Ice Giant” because of the presence of ammonia, methane, water and hydrocarbons in the form of ice. Because of the methane, this planet lokk bluish.

🌌 Neptune

Distance of Neptune4.5 billion KM (2.8 billion miles)
Neptune in Depth

Neptune is the eighth and farthest (last) planet in the Solar System which is about “4.5 * 109 km” away from the Sun. In astronomical units, this planet is 30.058 Astronomical Units (AU) away from the sun.

Like Venus, Neptune is also known as the ice-giant planet. Neptune’s atmosphere is composed mostly of hydrogen(80%), including small amounts of helium(18.5%) and methane(1.5%).

The methane in upper atmosphere of neptune absorbs the red light coming from the sun but then it reflects the blue light back into space. That’s why Planet Neptune appears blue.

  • Formation:- 4.5 Billion years ago
  • Diameter:- 49,244 km
  • Length of Year:- 165 Earth years (60,190 Earth days)
  • Average Distance from the Earth:- 4.4 billion km
  • Number of Moons:- Total 14
  • Average Temperature:- -373oF (-225oC)
  • One way light time to the Sun:- 14998 Seconds (4.1 hours)
  • Planet Type:- Ice Giant

🌌 Pluto

Distance of Pluto5.9 billion KM (3.7 billion miles)
Pluto in Depth

Pluto is a Dwarf Planet and approx “5.9 * 109 km” away from the Sun. Well, it used to be a planet, but in the year 2006, the IAU (International Astronomical Union) classified it as a dwarf planet.

The atmosphere of a pluto is a thin, and composed mainly of nitrogen, methane and carbon dioxide. Its surface is designated by mountains, valleys, plains, and craters.

  • Formation:- 4.5 Billion years ago
  • Diameter:- 2,302 km
  • Length of Year:- 248 Earth years (90,500 Earth days)
  • Average distance from the Earth:- 5.05 billion km
  • Number of Moons:- Total 5
  • Average Temperature:- -387oF (-232oC)
  • One way light time to the Sun:- 19680 seconds (5.5 hours)
  • Planet Type:- Dwarf Planet

Conclusion

Now, You have known all the planets in order of distance from the Sun. I know it might be difficult to know all the names of planets and their distance from the sun in order. But you will have to.

If you want to remember the name of planets in order, you may follow this trick. My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Noodles.” In this sentence, the first letter of each word is associated with the name of your planets.

I hope you like this article. If you have any questions, please let me know in the comment box.

Vivek kumar

Hii, I am Vivek Kumar. I am a student Pursuing Computer science in language Python from the certified online course platform and learning Artificial Intelligence. I have completed my graduation with physics honors. I Love to travel, writing an article, and help others.

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