History of Artificial Intelligence – From Where did it start?

While Everyone is now talking about Artificial Intelligence nowadays. We say that AI is our future and it can do every single thing that humans cannot. But we all don’t know that It has a brief history.

The term Artificial Intelligence refers to machine robots and software systems, that could perform some tasks, learn, and think.

History Of Artificial Intelligence

We have talked before about What is Artificial Intelligence and Types of Artificial Intelligence. Here we will learn about the history of Artificial Intelligence.


In the year 1940, William Grey Walter created the first artificial intelligence robot called Machenical Tortoise. This Tortoise was a robot able to see via a very primitive photocell that could detect light. Photocell with rotating head to scan the room for light.


In the Year 1950, Alan Turing proposed the Turing test. A test that could measure human intelligence. So he made a machined bar and gave the name Turing test.

The same year Issac Asimov Proposed the three laws of Robotics.


In the year 1951, The first AI-based program was written (GAME AI) by Christopher Strachey.


In the Year 1955, Computer Scientist John McCarty created the self Learning game plan. We can say, it was the birth of AI.


In the year 1959, The first AI laboratory was set up, and the name of that laboratory was the MIT AI lab. It was dedicated to the research of artificial intelligence.


In the year 1961, GMR (General Motors Robot) was introduced to GMs (General Motors) assembly line.


In the year 1964, An AI program was introduced, and this Artificial Intelligence had the ability to understand natural language.


In the year 1966, The first AI chatbot called ELIZA was introduced. Actually this Artificial Intelligence chatbot ELIZA was invented in the 1960s by Joseph Weizenbaum at the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at MIT.


In the year 1974, the first autonomous vehicle was created by Carnegie Mellon, using a neural network.


In the year 1999, Sony Corporation introduced AIBO. AIBO is a robotic pet developed by Sony. The cost of this AIBO pet is about $1800.


In the year 2004, DARPA (The Defence Advanced Researched Project Agency) introduced the autonomous robotic car, and the name of that robotic car was Stanley and won the DARPA Grand Challange.


In the year 2009, Google introduced the self-driving car on the 17th of January 2009. Well, this project was organized by an American autonomous driving technology development company called Waymo LLC.


In the year 2011, IBM’s (International Business Machines) Watson won at Jeopardy against two of the world’s best players, Brad Rutter and Ken Jennings. IBM’s Watson is a question-answering computer system. It is capable of answering questions asked in natural language.

2011 – 2014 – 2016

These are the years, when Siri (2011), Google Assistant (2016), Cortana (2014), Alexa (2014), were introduced among us. As we all know why all these were made. These all are the Assistant that we all use in our daily life. We tell them to do some work from playing music to book a hotel etc.


In the year 2015, SpaceX Founder Elon Musk established OpenAI. There were many more others to establish the OpenAI with Elon Musk. It was founded on the 11th of December 2015. Open AI is a non-profit research organization company that goal is to develop Artificial Intelligence.


In the year 2016, Google DeepMind defeated the Korean best player AlphaGo Champion. AlphaGo is a computer program that plays board games. AlphaGo has developed three more powerful features, that implemented one by one. The name of that three-sector is AlphaGo Master, AlphaGo Zero, Alpha Go.

Now every single History which is written above, either they are artificial intelligence or based on artificial intelligence. I have mentioned all history of Artificial Intelligence.

If anything is left, please let me know in the comment section.

Thank You

1 Comment

Comments are closed.